Category Diverse Journal of Multidisciplinary Research

Investigating the Nexus Between Foreign Aid and Economic Development: The Case of Goromonzi District, Mashonaland East Province, Zimbabwe

Abstract – The foreign aid-economic development nexus remains controversial and hence vague as different development economists and researchers give mixed conclusions over the debate. Commanding a place on the list of perpetual recipients of foreign aid, Zimbabwe has its stake in the on-going debate. As one of the perennial beneficiaries of aid, one would expect that at one point aid would cease and countries be self-sustaining. However, this is not the case with Zimbabwe and this leaves one with a question- ‘Is foreign aid ushering in development’? This paper sought to unpack the aid-local development nexus through a qualitative approach.…

An Investigation into the Efficacies of Introducing a National Health Insurance Scheme in Zimbabwe: Insights from Key Stakeholders

Abstract – There is consensus on the contribution of both public and private health expenditure on health outcomes. Several health funding schemes have emerged over time and National Health Insurance Schemes (NHIS) commands its stake. A myriad of studies were carried out on the impact of NHIS on health outcomes. Though there is a general concurrence on its effectiveness, some countries have failed to establish such schemes and Zimbabwe, the country of study is not an exception. This exploratory study sought to elicit views from selected key stakeholders on the efficacies and odds of introducing an NHIS in the country.…

The Challenges of Consolidating Democracy in the Nigerian Fourth Republic: A Comment

Abstract – Nigeria returned to civil rule on 29th May, 1999 and Nigerians were hopeful that their lots would be improved but twenty-one years after, the country is faced with numerous challenges among which are insecurity, poverty, banditry, leadership failure, corruption, electoral malpractice, among others. All these have affected democratic consolidation in the country. This essay examines the challenges of consolidating democracy in the Nigerian Fourth Republic and suggests ways by which such challenges can be addressed. The paper adopts a historical and descriptive method.  Put differently, it is a desk research and relies on secondary data such as books,…

Knowledge on the Dangers of Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy Among Women of Reproductive Age in Nadowli-Kaleo District, Ghana

Abstract – Alcohol consumption in the reproductive age of women is a public health concern because of its health implications on both mother and baby. The outcome of such action is that frequent drinkers may be unaware they are pregnant until after some weeks of gestation. This study assessed the knowledge of reproductive age women on the dangers associated with alcohol consumption during or in pregnancy in the Nadowli-Kaleo District. The study utilized a descriptive cross-sectional design. A sample size of 294 reproductive-age women were selected through a multi-stage random sampling method for the study. Data was collected through researchers’…

An Evaluation of Competition in Zimbabwe’s Short-Term Insurance Sector: An Application of the Panzar-Rosse Approach

Abstract – This paper is aimed at evaluating the nature of competition in Zimbabwe’s short-term insurance sector. Panel data from 19 short-term insurers was utilized from year 2010 to 2017, the author employed the Panzar-Rosse (1987) approach as a proxy for competition. Total Revenue and Premium Revenues were used as dependent variables while size, equity ratio and underwriting risk were used as control variables. The results from the empirical investigation showed that generally short-term insurers in Zimbabwe were operating under monopolistic competition for the better part of the period under review. Thus, findings from the research point out that competition…

Internationalization of SMEs through MNCs Social Capital in African Countries

Abstract – The paper examines the importance of internationalization of SMEs in the current global set up of international trade. The study identifies the existing MNCs social capital as critical to the growth of SMEs in Africa and promotion of both forward and backward linkages between SMEs and MNCs. Approximations in the studies done accentuates that approximately 95% of the running businesses in the world are Small to Medium Enterprises and they employ about 60% of the total working population and significantly add up to 40% of Gross Domestic Product. It highlights the role which can be played by the state to…

Special Economic Zones in developing countries: Challenges and opportunities for Zimbabwe

Abstract – The concept of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) being adopted by Government is a positive move towards economic development. SEZs are areas granted special privileges in a country specifically for economic development through foreign business persons to invest into that country. The privileges include special investment policies such as tax easing, financial support and issuance of work permits and special support in infrastructure. Major businesses which usually fall under SEZs are manufacturing, agriculture, commerce, tourism. If implemented accordingly, they assist in employment creation and economic development. There is need to ensure that laws and regulations which address issues of…

Mental Health Stress and Coping Strategies Among Healthcare Workers at the Bolgatanga Regional Hospital

Abstract – The outbreak of COVID-19 in China through to the declaration by the World Health Organization as it being a health emergency has seen a variety of healthcare personnel at the forefront in the fight against the virus. There has been increase demand of healthcare workers to do more leading to increase workload which has the potential to increase the stress of healthcare professional thereby negating their mental health. The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of stress on the mental health of the healthcare workers and the their coping strategies in the era of COVID-19.…

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Nurses in the Tamale Metropolis Towards Coronavirus Prevention

Abstract – The coronavirus pandemic that engulfed the world continues to bring health care facilities and personnel including nurses to their knees. Both human and material resources are overburdened, cost of personal protective equipment have soar up amidst high demand. Nevertheless, nurses continue to play the frontline role to aid in dealing with the pandemic. This exposes them to contracting the virus therefore making it essential for nurses to acquaint themselves with high level of knowledge and prevention practices to stay safe to continue to render care to patients. The study explored the nurses’ knowledge, attitude and practices towards coronavirus…

Efficiency in the Short-Term Insurance Industry in Zimbabwe: An application of the Stochastic Frontier Approach

Abstract – Efficiency has stood out to be one of the key fundamentals in economics and as such, many corporates have endeavored in injecting capital, including, human capital in a bid to enhance efficiency. Owing to the stake that efficiency has in the field of economic research, several researchers have delved in a myriad of studies ranging from exploring the determinants of efficiency as well as measuring efficiency in the insurance sector. This study empirically examined the efficiency of Zimbabwe’s non-life insurance companies. Cost and profit efficiency scores were analyzed using the Stochastic Frontier Approach (SFA) which is a parametric…

Job Satisfaction and Attitude of Teachers at Secondary Level: A Comparative Study

Abstract – Satisfaction is an essential part of any task. When anyone is satisfied by action regarding a particular perspective, then that task would be useful, meaningful and successful. In the teaching profession, satisfaction of the teachers with their job has its importance because when they become very satisfied with their job, the teaching process would be interesting, adequate and fruitful. Attitude is the psychological aspect of any individual. It is that aspect that describes the internal capacity of any individual towards work. It has own importance and works as an agent for the promotion of educational knowledge. This study…

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Crude Oil Price Crisis on the Price of Automobile Fuels in European Countries

Abstract – Coronavirus outbreak has had a notable global and national impact on the energy sector, contributing to a decline in the price of crude oil as well as lower prices of transport fuels in Europe. Furthermore, the oil price crisis due to Russia–Saudi Arabia oil price war was another shock which led to a significant drop in the prices of road fuels in European countries. Therefore, this study is aiming to examine the impact of the COVID-19, as well as, crude oil price on the prices of transport fuels in four European countries including; Italy, Germany, France, and Spain.…

Determinants of Profitability in the Zimbabwean Insurance Industry from 2009-2017

Abstract – This study sought to evaluate the determinants of Zimbabwe Insurance Industry`s performance from 2009-2017. During the period under review, Zimbabwe was operating with a stable currency regime. The study used return on equity (ROE) as a proxy of profitability. A combination of firm specific factors and macroeconomic factors were considered in the regression model to ascertain their impact on profitability. Panel data for 8 life assurance companies was subjected to Multiple Regression using e-views 8 statistical package. A Random Effects model was adopted and the results imply that firm specific variables; expense ratio and equity capital are significantly…

Availability and Adoption of Online Learning Platforms during Covid-19 Lockdown in Nigeria

Abstract – The study investigated the availability and adoption of online learning platforms during Covid-19 lockdown in Nigeria in public and private schools. The study adopted ex-post facto design of non-experimental research. Users of online learning platform in the South western states formed the population for this study. Learning platform adoption questionnaire (r= 0.83) was used in online broadcast message with sample selected using survey monkey for data collection. The data collected were analysed by frequency counts and t-test. WhatsApp 67 (98.5%) is the most available platform and 45 (88.2%) most adopted platform by respondents while Meebo is the least…

Economic Impact of COVID-19 Induced Lockdown in Zimbabwe

Abstract – Economic Impact of COVID-19 Induced Lockdown in Zimbabwe. The government of China officially declared the outbreak of COVID-19 on the 9th of January 2020. The virus spread more rapidly to many parts of the world and the WHO declared COVID-19 a pandemic on the 11th of March 2020. In a bid to reduce the spread of the novel virus, governments across the world introduced lockdown measures. Zimbabwe introduced its lockdown measures on the 31st of March 2020, the country closed its borders to the rest of the world serve for cargo and returning residents. Using qualitative and comparative…

The Determinants of Tax Evasion Behaviour by Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) In Harare Metropolitan Province, Zimbabwe

Abstract – Time immemorial, tax evasion has presented itself as a thorn in the flesh for almost all tax administrators world-wide. Though many researchers have devoted precious time in studying the determinants of tax evasion, findings remain inconclusive. This study examines the determinants of tax evasion behaviour by Small to Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Harare Metropolitan Province in Zimbabwe. A Linear Probability Model (LPM) was employed since the dependent variable was dichotomous in nature. Explanatory variables considered in the study were; tax burden, marital status, tax education, income and perceived fairness of the tax system. Findings unearthed statistically significant positive…

Higher Education and Social Responsibility: A Case Study on the Role of National Service Scheme (NSS) in Higher Educational Institutions in Rural Areas of Assam, India

Abstract – The present research paper has made an attempt to study the role of NSS units of higher educational institutions and their different activities to make the students socially responsible in a rural area of Assam. A survey of different NSS Unit’s activities of the provincialized colleges and a total of 20 volunteers each from four sampled Provincialized Colleges were randomly selected for the purpose of the study. From the study, it has been observed that NSS playing a significant role for not only the social and but also the personality development of the students’ community. After joining the…

The Nigeria’s Niger-Delta Protracted Conflict: How Relevant is Azar’s Protracted Social Conflict Theory to the Analysis of the Conflict?

Abstract – The Niger Delta conflict has continued to attract the attention of scholars, policymakers,and non-governmental organisations because of the abject poverty of the oil-bearing communities and the impact of the conflict on the global oil price. The efforts by both the Nigerian government and friendly countries, especially those that their oil companies are operating in the region to assist the country in its efforts to address the country has yielded no fruits. Several causes have been identified as responsible for the conflict and different theories have also been used to analyse the conflict but none has provided a thorough…

Endless Circle of Self-Determination Rumbling: When the Stick-and-Carrot Strategy Fails, Is Nigeria’s Collective Journey Still Non-Negotiable?

Abstract – Agitation for self-determination is as old as the Nigerian State. On a large scale, it has led to a civil war, and subsequently, a pocket of ethnic insurgencies across all regions of the federation. The Federal Government strategy has often been oscillating between wielding the stick of force through military engagement in combating the often militant agitators and pacifying them at other time with a round-table carrot via monetary inducement, contract awards or superficial bogus amnesty package. These strategies have always served an interim purpose because the gamut of trigger-root causes for further agitation has not been fundamentally…

Significant China Government Efforts Slow Down the Covid-19: Evidence from the Ordinary Least Square Method

Abstract – As dated 23 February, China’s newly recovered corona-virus patients outnumber new infections for 5th consecutive day while 18 new infections on mainland regions outside Hubei with 21 province level regions recording zero new infections. The present study is focusing on evaluating the daily and weekly percentage marginal change for the Covid-19’s Confirmed Cases, Recovered Cases, and the Death Cases from the period dated 20 January 2020 to 23 February 2020 in China. To find the desired results, the study applied the Ordinary Least Square Method (OLS) to assess the daily marginal average percentage change for the Covid-19’s Confirmed…